Teamwork

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Van pushing

Hauling in a mooring line.

Rowing team.

Barn raising

Problems solving: Strategy formulation

Problems solving: Team coordination

A 2012 review of the academic literature found that the word “teamwork” has been used “as a catchall to refer to a number of behavioral processes and emergent states”.[1]
In healthcare, teamwork is “a dynamic process involving two or more healthcare professionals with complementary background and skills, sharing common health goals and exercising concerted physical and mental effort in assessing, planning, or evaluating patient care”.[2][not in citation given] Having followed a volatile trend in the past century, the societal diffusion and application of teamwork has shown a sharp increase since the late 1970s.[3]
In a business setting, accounting techniques may be used[by whom?] to provide financial measures of the benefits of teamwork which are useful for justifying the concept.[4] Health-care policy-makers[which?] increasingly advocate teamwork as a means of assuring quality and safety in the delivery of services;[citation needed] a committee of the Institute of Medicine recommended in 2000 that patient-safety programs “establish interdisciplinary team training programs for providers that incorporate proven methods of team training, such as simulation.”[5]
In health care, a systematic concept analysis in 2008 concluded teamwork to be “a dynamic process involving two or more healthcare professionals with complementary backgrounds and skills, sharing common health goals and exercising concerted physical and mental effort in assessing, planning, or evaluating patient care.”[6] Elsewhere teamwork is defined[by whom?] as “those behaviours that facilitate effective team member interaction”, with “team” defined as “a group of two or more individuals who perform some work related task, interact with one another dynamically, have a shared past, have a foreseeable shared future, and share a common fate”.[7] Another definition for teamwork proposed[by whom?] in 2008 is “the interdependent components of performance required to effectively coordinate the perf