Concussions in rugby union

Example of what happens to one’s brain inside their skull, when they are impacted by an outside force.

Concussions in England’s professional rugby union are the most common injury gained.[1] Concussion can occur where an individual experiences a minor injury to the head. Commonly occurring in high contact sporting activities; football, boxing, and rugby. It can also occur in recreational activities like horse riding, jumping, cycling, and skiing. The reason being that it doesn’t have to be something to strike you in the proximity of your brain, but can also be caused by rapid change of movement, giving the skull not enough time to move with your body, causing your brain to press against your skull.[2] With rugby being such a contact and fast moving sport, it is no wonder why there is concussion and other head injuries occurring. With the development of equipment and training methods, these will help benefit the players on the field know what could happen and how they can help with preventing it.

Contents

1 History of concussions
2 Connection with rugby union
3 Signs of Concussion
4 Treatment of the injury
5 Controlling concussions
6 See also
7 References

History of concussions[edit]
A concussion, which is known as a subset traumatic brain injury (TBI), is when a force comes in contact with the head, neck or face, or fast movement of the head, causing a functional injury to the brain.[3] Depending on where the location of impact, depends on the severity of the injury. It is short-lived impairment of neurological function, the brains ability to process information, which can be resolved in seven to ten days.[1] Not all concussion involves the loss of consciousness, with it occurring in less than 10% of concussions.[3] Second-impact syndrome is when a player has obtained a second concussion when you either return to field the same day, or return to play before a complete recovery from a previous concussion. This is a result from brain swelling, from vascular congestion and increased intracranial pressure, this can be fatal to a player as it is a very difficult medical injury to control.[4] The brain is surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid, which protects it from light trauma. More severe impacts, or the forces associated with rapid acceleration, may not be absorbed by this cushion. Concussion may be caused by impact forces, in which the head strikes or is struck by something, or impulsive forces, in which the head moves without itself being subject