Takayuki Yumira and Latina competing at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.

Takayuki Yumira is a Japanese equestrian.[1] At the 2012 Summer Olympics he competed in the Individual eventing.[2]

^ London2012.com
^ “Takayuki Yumira”. BBC Sport. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 

This biographical article related to Japanese equestrianism is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.



Live Lithoglyphus naticoides

Scientific classification




clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Littorinimorpha


Tryon, 1866[1]


About 100 freshwater species

Lithoglyphidae is a family of small freshwater snails with gills and an operculum, aquatic gastropod mollusks.
This family is in the superfamily Rissooidea and in the clade Littorinimorpha (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[3]


1 Taxonomy

1.1 2005 taxonomy

2 Genera
3 References
4 External links

Taylor (1966),[4] Ponder & Warén (1988)[5] and Kabat & Hershler (1993)[6] considered this taxon as a subfamily Lithoglyphinae within Hydrobiidae.[7] Radoman (1983)[8] considered Lithoglyphidae as a separate family.[7] Bernasconi (1992)[9] considered this taxon as a tribe Lithoglyphini in the Hydrobiinae within Hydrobiidae.[7]
2005 taxonomy[edit]
The family Lithoglyphidae consists of 2 subfamilies according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005.[3] It follows Wilke et al. (2001),[7] Hausdorf et al. (2003)[10] and includes Lepyriidae according to Thompson (1984).[11][3]

subfamily Lithoglyphinae Tryon, 1866 – synonyms: Fluminicolinae Clessin, 1880;[12] Lepyriidae Pilsbry & Olsson, 1951[13]
subfamily Benedictiinae Clessin, 1880[12]

Genera within the family Lithoglyphidae include:
subfamily Lithoglyphinae

Clappia Walker, 1909[11][6]
Fluminicola Stimpson, 1865[3][11][6]
Gillia Stimpson, 1865 – with the only species Gillia altilis (I. Lea, 1841)[11][6]
Lepyrium Dall, 1896[3] – with the only species Lepyrium showalteri (I. Lea, 1861) – Flat pebblesnail[11]
Lithoglyphus Menke, 1830 – type genus of the family Lithoglyphidae[3]
Shadinia Akramowski, 1976[14]
Somatogyrus Gill, 1863[11][6]
† Tanousia Servain, 1881[15][16]

subfamily Benedictiinae

Benedictia W. Dybowski, 1875 – type genus of the subfamily Benedictiinae[3]
Kobeltocochlea Lindholm, 1909[14]
Pseudobenedictia Sitnikova, 1987[14] – with the only species Pseudobenedictia michnoi (Lindholm, 1929)[14][6]
Yaroslawiella Sitnikova, 2001[14] – with the only species Yaroslawiella eximia Sitnikova, 2001[14][17]

subfamily ?

Antrorbis Hershler & Thompson, 1990[6] – with the only species Antrorbis breweri Hershler & Thompson, 1990 – Manitou cavesnail[18]

Margherita Hut

The Margherita Hut (Italian: Capanna Regina Margherita) is a mountain hut belonging to the Italian Alpine Club, located on the Signalkuppe of Monte Rosa in the Alps.


1 Location
2 History
3 Features
4 Access
5 References
6 External links

At 4,554 metres (14,941 ft) above sea level, it is the highest building in Europe. It is also among the largest huts of the massif, together with the Monte Rosa Hut. The Margherita Hut is located in Italian territory [1], near the international border between Italy and Switzerland, in the Italian region of Piedmont. The nearest settlements are Macugnaga and Alagna Valsesia, both in Piedmont.
The construction of the hut was directed by the Italian Alpine Club in 1889. The hut was pre-built in the valley, then brought to its final destination by mule and then by men, and assembled on site. It was opened on August 18, 1893, in the presence of Margherita of Savoy, Queen of Italy, to whom the hut is dedicated.
The hut soon became an important research center for high-elevation medicine, under the direction of Angelo Mosso. As the hut was quite small, in 1907 a newer, lower research center (“Istituto Mosso”) was built near the Salati Pass, at an elevation of about 2,900 metres (9,500 ft).
In 1899 a meteorological station was added.
A complete restoration started in 1977. The original hut was dismantled, and was replaced by the current hut, which opened in 1980.
The hut is owned by the central committee of the Italian Alpine Club (CAI), but it is managed by the local CAI section of Varallo Sesia.
The hut is open and managed in the summer, from early June to early September, the exact dates varying from year to year. It provides recuperation and accommodation, having 70 beds. In winter, there is an unmanaged winter facility with 12 beds.
The hut can only be accessed on foot. The walk to the hut usually takes two days; climbers spend a night at the Gnifetti Hut, the Monte Rosa Hut or the Resegotti Hut, from where they set off for the Margherita Hut on the following morning. The walk requires physical fitness and a good knowledge of alpine techniques.

Swisstopo topographic and cadastral maps [2]

External links[edit]
Media related to Capanna Regina Margherita at Wikimedia Commons

Official website
Capanna Margherita on “Rifugi Monte Rosa”
Margherita Hut on Hikr

Coordinates: 45°55′38″N 7°52′37″

For individuals with the same or similar name, see Abd-ar-Rahman.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Abd ar-Rahman II

Silver dirham coined during the reign of Abd ar-Rahman II.

4th Emir of Córdoba

21 May 822–852

al-Hakam I

Muhammad I


852 (aged 62)

Abd ar-Rahman II (Arabic: عبد الرحمن الثاني‎‎) (792–852) was the fourth Umayyad Emir of Córdoba in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) from 822 until his death.[1]
Abd ar-Rahman II was born in Toledo, the son of Emir Al-Hakam I. In his youth he took part in the so-called “massacre of the ditch”, when from 700 to 5,000 people come to pay homage to the princes who were killed by order of Al-Hakam.
He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias, whose southward advance he halted (822–842). In 837, he suppressed a revolt of Christians and Jews in Toledo. He issued a decree by which the Christians were forbidden to seek martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod held to forbid martyrdom.
In 844, Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings who had disembarked in Cádiz, conquered Seville (with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville to repel future raids.
He responded to William of Septimania’s requests of assistance in his struggle against Charles the Bald’s nominations.
Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. He made additions to the Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba.[1] A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well known as a patron of the arts.[2] He was also involved in the execution of the “Martyrs of Córdoba”.[3]

^ a b “‘Abd ar-Rahman II”. Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak – Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8. 
^ Thorne, John (1984). Chambers biographical dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers. ISBN 0-550-18022-2. 
^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). “Abd-ar-Rahman s.v. Abd-ar-Rahman II”. Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p.&#1

Central Leading Group for Internet Security and Informatization

Zhongyang Wang’an Zu

February 2014

Supra-ministerial policy coordination and consultation body




Xi Jinping

Deputy Leaders

Li Keqiang
Liu Yunshan

Chief of General Office

Xu Lin

Parent organization

Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Cyberspace Administration of China (also known as the General Office of the Central Leading Group for Cyberspace Affairs)

The Central Leading Group for Internet Security and Informatization (Chinese: 中央网络安全和信息化领导小组; pinyin: Zhōngyāng wǎngluò ānquán hé xìnxī huà lǐngdǎo xiǎozǔ) is a policy formulation and implementation body set up under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China for the purpose of managing internet-related issues. This is believed to include the expansion of online services, internet security concerns, as well as broad jurisdiction over policies on internet censorship.
The decision to establish the group was announced at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee in November 2013, but did not hold its first full meeting until February 2014.[1]
The group is also known as the Cyberspace Affairs Leading Group. The Cyberspace Administration of China reports to the group and acts as its executive arm. The Leading Group was not a wholly new created entity, since it was primarily a reconstitution of the Leading Group for National Informatization, with a similar membership composition.[2]


Xi Jinping (Politburo Standing Committee, Party General Secretary, State President)

Deputy Leaders

Li Keqiang (Politburo Standing Committee, Premier of the State Council)
Liu Yunshan (Politburo Standing Committee, first-ranked secretary of the Secretariat)

Chief of General Office

Xu Lin, concurrently Director of the Cyberspace Administration of China, deputy head of the Propaganda Department


Ma Kai (Politburo, Vice Premier)
Wang Huning (Politburo, head of Policy Research Office)
Liu Qibao (Politburo, head of the Propaganda Department)
Fan Changlong (Politburo, vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission)
Meng Jianzhu (Politburo, head of the Politics and Law Commission)
Li Zhanshu (Politburo, head of the CPC General Office)
Guo Shengkun (Minister of Public Security)
Yang Jing (Secretary of t

The Lord Treowen

15 July 1851

18 October 1933 (1933-10-19) (aged 82)

 United Kingdom

British Army


Commands held
General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada

Companion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

Major-General Ivor John Caradoc Herbert, 1st Baron Treowen CB, CMG, KStJ (15 July 1851 – 18 October 1933), known as Sir Ivor Herbert, Bt, between 1907 and 1917, was a British Liberal politician and British Army officer in the Grenadier Guards,[1] who served as General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada from 1890 to 1895. He was made a baronet in 1907 and raised to a barony in 1917.


1 Background
2 Military career
3 Political career
4 Family
5 Honours
6 References
7 External links

Herbert was born at the family seat Llanarth Court, at Llanarth, Monmouthshire between Peckham and Raglan in Monmouthshire, the eldest son of John Arthur Edward Herbert, formerly Arthur Jones, of Llanarth (1818–1895).[2] In 1846 Ivor’s father married Augusta Hall, the only surviving child and heir of Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover (1802–1867).[3] The marriage took place on 12 November 1846[4] and two years later, the father and his brothers assumed the name of Herbert by royal licence as the senior branch of the Herbert family.[5] (Ironically, no member of this family had been known by that name, so the Jones family was actually taking the name of a junior and more well-known branch, the Herbert earls of Powis descended from an ancient Welsh Catholic family).[6]
His mother was the Honourable Augusta Charlotte Elizabeth Hall, the only surviving daughter and sole heiress of Benjamin Hall, 1st Baron Llanover and his wife Augusta Waddington, better known as the Welsh cultural nationalist Lady Llanover, heiress of the considerable Llanover estate in Monmouthshire.[7][8] He had two younger brothers, Edward Bleiddyn[9] and Arthur (whose descendants still own Llanover today).[10]
Military career[edit]

Herbert was a British army officer, serving in the Grenadier Guards. He served as General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada from 1890 to 1895. In 1896, he was Colonel in the Grenadier Guards.[11] He served in the Second Boer War in South Africa (1899-1902), where he was responsible for foreign representatives in the country.
Political career[edit]
Herbert was Member of Parliament (MP) for So